1. Epidemiology of Nocturnal Enuresis

2. Pathology of Nocturnal Enuresis

  • Experience and current status of research into the pathophysiology of nocturnal enuresis. Nørgaard et al. Br J Urol 1997;79:825–835
  • Nocturnal Polyuria and nocturnal arginine vasopress (AVP): a key factor in the pathophysiology of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. Abdelfatah et al. Neurourol Urodyn 2009; 28: 506-509

3 Guidelines for the treatment of Nocturnal Enuresis

  • Evaluation of and treatment for monosymptomatic enuresis: a standardization document from the International Children’s Continence Society: T. Neveus, P. Eggert, J. Evans, A. Macedo, S. Rittig, S. Tekgül, J. Vande Walle, C. K. Yeung and L. Robson J Urol 2010; 183: 441-447

4. Desmopressin in the treatment of Nocturnal Enuresis

  • The Canadian Enuresis Study and Evaluation – short and long term safety and efficacy of an oral desmopressin preparation. Wolfish et al. Scand J Urol Nephrol 2003; 37: 22-27
  • Long-term desmopressin response in primary nocturnal enuresis: open-label, multinational study, Lottmann et al. Int J Clin Pract 2009;63:35–45
  • Oral lyophylizate formulation of desmopressin: superior pharmacodynamics compared to tablet due to low food interaction; De Guchtenaere et al., J Urol;185(6):2308-13
  • A new fast-melting oral formulation of desmopressin: a pharmacodynamic study in children with primary nocturnal enuresis; Vande walle et al., BJU Intl, 2006: 97:603-609

5. Psychological Impact of Nocturnal Enuresis

  • Impact of Nocturnal Enuresis on Children and Young People ,Richard J. Butler, Scand J Urol Nephrol 35:169-176,2001
  • Self Esteem Before and After Treatment in Childrend with Nocturnal Enuresis and Urinary Incontinence, Bruno Hägglöf et al, Scand J Urol Nephrol
  • Problem behavior, parental stress and enuresis, De Bruyne et al. J Urol 2009;182:2015–2021

6. Recent publication on Nocturnal Enuresis

  • Age related nocturnal urine volume and maximum voided volume in healthy children: Reappraisal of international children’s continence society definitions. J Urol.  Rittig S, Kamperis K, Siggaard C, Hagstroem S, Djurhuus JC. 2010, J Urol, 183 (4), 1567
  • Urinary glycosaminoglycan excretion in patients with primary nocturnal enuresis, Budak YU, Huysal K, Guray A. Ital J Pediatr. 2010;36(1):13.